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This page is designed to answer all your questions about mercury and biologic dentistry, including what to expect at our office and why you should consider us as your Biologic Dentist of choice.  Many from all over the U.S. and other countries have visited us.  We use the Huggins' Protocol for removal. For the entire protocol, see the bottom of this page. This is the protocol followed:

Rubber dam, high-powered vacuum, continuous water, oxygen nose tubes, air filters, ionizers, amalgam cut into four pieces (not drilled out), face cloth, IV conscious sedation for those who want it, vitamin C IV drip, measure amperage and polarity of amalgams and remove in order of the least path of resistance per quadrant (highest negative, lowest negative, highest positive, lowest positive), follow biocompatibility charts if supplied; See below for details on how to order one, but first click here to see the biocompatible materials the Doctors use.

Yes, we take dental insurance from the United States. You pay the bill, then we fill in the codes so you can file the claim. Bring a claim form if you can. Check if your provider pays for dental work done outside the U.S., many do.

If you are flying, the owner or his wife can pick you up at the San Diego airport and take you to your motel and/or the dentist office.

For those of you wishing to stay on the U.S. side, the motel is about 3 miles from the border. It is $79.99 per night plus tax and that includes a medical shuttle that will take you to your appointment and pick you up; Ask for the medical rate when making reservations. All rooms have kitchenettes and the shuttle makes a weekly run to the grocery store. Click here for more information.

For those of you wishing to stay in Tijuana, it is $89 plus tax per night ($75 plus tax if you have a Triple A card) for the hotel adjacent to the office. Two blocks away is a $30 per night plus tax motel, both are very clean and also safe, as the office is located in a nice area of town. Reservations can be made for you by our Receptionist when you make your appointment or you may call them directly.

For those wanting a less expensive room, I recommending Hostelling International (, where you share a room with other travelers. It costs about 25.00 per night and is in downtown San Diego at 521 Market Street, 35 minutes by trolley to the border. Then, you would take a taxi to our office.

For inexpensive plane tickets, I recommend you try the following sites and give at least a 7-day advance notice. Enter different dates, as airlines typically charge more to fly on certain days (departing and returning on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays is less expensive; staying over Saturday night also costs less.  I go to the website and use the name your own price feature to get a much better deal on my flight.                

For an estimate or appointment, or


Most of our patients come for mercury removal, cavitation surgery, and root canal removal. Our typical procedure is to do the evaluation and dental work the first day. We ask that the patient be available for three full days, although we usually finish in two. If you are not doing the IV Conscious Sedation, your work may take two or three days instead of one. The work is done the first day and if temporary partials are needed, they are available that day. If crowns are needed, temporary ones are also put on the first day. The second day, the bite is adjusted and you  are checked for healing. The bite cannot be adjusted while you are numb. There have been circumstances where patients have waited two hours, had their bite adjusted, and flown home that same day. If the patient does not have a lot of work, this can sometimes be arranged, but you must get pre-approval. We have also had patients stay only two days. But, please be advised that leaving sooner may mean you have to go to a dentist in your area to get your bite adjusted, as it sometimes requires more than one adjustment, especially if we are doing many fillings. If any work was not finished on the first day, it is done on the second or third day. Your cavitation or surgery stitches will dissolve and come out on their own in about a week. Crowns and bridges typically take five full days, but it be can be sooner, or take longer, depending on the amount of work  If you are on a tight schedule, check with us and we may be able to get your work done sooner.

For initial work, most patients prefer IV Conscious Sedation. If teeth are extracted due to abscess, too deep of mercury fillings, or root canals, you can get bridges, partials, or dentures (bridges are fixed, partials come in and out like dentures).  Temporary partials and temporary dentures are made of acrylic. The permanent partial and denture brand we use is called Lucitone.  A temporary partial must be worn for six months to allow for shrinkage of the gum for a proper fit, to keep the space open, and so the gums get used to having the object in the mouth. This is a typical procedure by all good Dentists. In some cases a fixed temporary bridge is placed over the extraction site so that chewing is easier and the patient does not have to remove anything to clean the area.  That is also worn six months before placing a permanent bridge.  If patients are needing crowns and also coming back for bridges and/or partials in six months, they may opt to just stay the initial 3 days, go home with temporary crowns, and have the permanent ones fitted when they return.

In order to make a bridge, we grind down the teeth beside the missing tooth or teeth so the bridge will fit over them. The bridge is made into a unit, i.e., a bridge for one missing tooth is called a three unit bridge. For non-biting teeth (teeth in or near the front, we can usually use what is called a Maryland bridge, provided the adjacent teeth are in good shape and do not have crowns. This bridge is fixed, but does not require teeth to be ground and crowned. You can discuss this option during your evaluation if you believe this procedure applies to you. When the patient returns for bridges, partials, or dentures, we take impressions and send them to the lab. The typical time for bridges and partials is five days, but can be longer or shorter, depending on how much work there is. Dentures typically take two to five days. If you need an exact time frame, it is best to check with the office prior to your return.

When coming for the placement of permanent crowns, bridges, partials or dentures, please be available for at least two days (if your work is already back from our lab and waiting for you) to make sure the fitting is correct and the bite is adjusted properly. One thing that is important to understand is that going to a Dentist can require follow-up visits for maintenance or problems that could arise. This is typical with any Dentist you go to. Most of our patients are not local. Most often, things go well, but whenever teeth are worked on, there is always the possibility for a tooth to get upset and not make it. While other Dentists are quick to sell you a root canal, which are highly toxic, for info on root canals, or do an extraction and sell you bridges, our Dentists attempt to save as many teeth as possible. Keep in mind, that many of the teeth they are working on have already had other procedures done (some have very big mercury fillings) and that always increases your chances of losing it. They are still able to save many teeth that other Dentists would not even attempt to save. But with any Dentist you choose throughout your life, subsequent visits are sometimes needed, even if it is just for check ups and cleanings. While the Dentists are very gifted and experienced,  but they are "Tooth Gods" who can solve your lifetime dental needs all in one visit.

Sometimes (although not common), we put in a filling or do a crown, and the tooth begins to hurt. If the pain is not severe, it is best to wait a couple weeks to see if the pain lessens. Most importantly, you need to make sure that your bite is adjusted correctly, even if you have to have it done by a local Dentist. The nerve can flair up after a procedure, but then calm down and be fine. Sometimes it takes several months for the tooth to return to normal. If it is a filling that is causing pain, and your bite is adjusted correctly, and the tooth doesn't seem to be getting better, sometimes the Dentist can put in a temporary medicated filling, Zinc Oxide Eugenol (ZOE). If the tooth is going to respond, it usually does so within a couple weeks or less and should continue to improve. After about two months, if the tooth is ok, you can get a regular filling again.

Our Biologic Dentists are highly skilled and experienced. They are not in the business to make a fast buck. In fact, they remain sensitive to the fact that bad dental work by non-Biological Dentists (mainly, mercury fillings, root canals and incorrectly extracted teeth) often causes symptoms that make it impossible for people make a living; Thus, many of our patients do not have a lot of money left to get well. Our prices are kept low just because of this. Lab costs are very expensive (even in Mexico), as we use the best biologic products on the market; So, crowns, bridges, partials dentures and onlays/inlays are not a big money-maker like they can be for other Dentists, Biologic or non-Biologic. What this translates to, is the office is not going to sell you any unnecessary dental work, and that makes them a very unique office. Furthermore, the Dentists are gentle, caring, and compassionate and truly care about each and every patient's dental experience. So, if ever there is a problem with any dental work you receive at our office, you are encouraged to contact us about it. Many times, I can answer your questions. It is important that you are happy and satisfied with your dental work.

The materials we use are top of the line biologic products. Our typical crowns and bridges are porcelain over gold, which is the case with most Biologic Dentists. It is used for strength; And, gold is a metal that is highly compatible with the general public.  The gold we use is Argen Goldtech Bio 2000, 99.7% pure gold.  If you have any concerns, you can order a biocompatibility test (scroll down near the bottom of this page for info and instructions). We need to have the test results in our office at least two weeks prior to your appointment. We do have this test at our office, so if you are local, you can come in and get it and it will take two weeks for the results.  Mainly, I recommend this for patients who say they are "allergic to everything." For non-biting teeth (at or near the front), we can use non-metal crowns and bridges.  Our brands are Emax and Empress;  We also can use Zirconia by request. If you would like non-metal crowns or bridges for biting teeth, the Dentist will use them, but keep in mind they are not as strong and could break. If price or time is of concern, we also offer temporary crowns that cost substantially less and can be placed in a day. You can discuss crown choices with the Dentist during your evaluation. For filling material, we use DiamondCrown, which is a composite crown material that can be used for fillings. It is harder and more durable than a typical white filling.  We can also order products, so check if you need something different.  Our office is one of the few offices in the world that typically does inlays/onlays for large fillings, rather than a crown if your tooth is able to accommodate one.  We do them often.  Onlays/inlays take more time than a crown and require more skill of the lab technician, as well as, the Dentist.  Simply put, a crown is much easier for a Dentist to do than a crown, and they often make more money from crowns than they would inlays/onlays.  We do this because of the Huggins' belief that it is best to save as much of the tooth structure as possible.  Crowns increase your chances of tooth loss, although they are at times necessary and can last for decades, depending on the individual situation.  It is always best to do an inlay/onlay before a crown if possible, so we will never sell you a crown if the tooth can be saved without one.

We do not use Novocain, as it is a neurotoxin. It also restricts capillaries, not allowing for good blood flow during extractions; Thus, the blood socket, which nourishes the bone via nutrients and oxygen, is compromised and that can lead to Cavitations.  for info on cavitations. Instead, we use (non-epinephrine) Scandonest 3% as our local anesthetic. Yes, you still receive shots during sedation, but the brain will respond differently to pain, thus requiring only one third as many. This does not occur with IV vitamin C. Please take no vitamin C supplements at least two days before your appointment, as it interferes with shots, causing them to only last ten minutes. Our anesthesiologists are Medical Doctors with about six years of training and another three specializing in Anesthesiology, and they have a monitor on you throughout the procedure. No, no one has died and no one has been rushed to the hospital. It is a very safe procedure.  Personally, I have had many conscious sedations and witnessed hundreds.  The sedation is Midazolam, which is in the Benzodiazepine family and has been used safely in dental work for many years. No food or drink after 10 P.M., except small sips of water, the night before your sedation.

Click on  Word or PDF icon below for dental surgery aftercare Post Op instructions.



YES. Many people I talk to have the same response, "They don't use mercury anymore." Despite a period of using a high-copper amalgam (which released even more mercury into the system), all silver or gray-colored fillings contain the exact same amount of dangerous mercury as those you had as a child (50+%). Your Dentist may refer to them as "amalgams" and claim they are safe, but the definition of amalgam is any alloy containing mercury.

If you do not have any amalgam (mercury) fillings, your health can still be at risk from poisons generated by root canals and/or cavitations. porcelain over metal or stainless steel crowns (and some partials) contain nickel, which has been added to our government's list of known carcinogens (cancer causing agents). If you have work done by a non-Biologic Dentist, request the materials be non-nickel.

Trigeminal neuralgia linked to amalgam fillings: A 66-year-old woman with a two-year history of right-sided trigeminal neuralgia (involving the second trigeminal division) presented with severe exacerbation of her typical sharp pain after a root-canal procedure in a right upper incisor. The procedure had slightly repositioned a mercury-amalgam restoration, nudging it closer to the adjacent tooth, which bore a gold-alloy crown. Thereafter, and until the mercury amalgam was replaced by a porcelain restoration, tomatoes or certain other acidic foods would produce intense jolts, described as being like those of an "electrical battery," in the right palate, boosting the pain in the same division of the trigeminal nerve to an excruciating level. Lightly touching the right cheek also triggered paroxysms of neuralgia, which subsequently resolved with use of gabapentin. Adjacent dental amalgams that are composed of dissimilar metals in contact with saliva can : 1. Form a galvanic cell that generates localized electrical currents with potentials as high as several hundred millivolts; 2. Such currents usually cause no symptoms; 3. Some patients report a metallic or battery-like taste; 4. Many patients with Trigeminal neuralgia describe their pain in terms of electricity. This patient's oral galvanism produced genuine electrical currents that potentially triggered the neuralgia. William P. Cheshire, Jr., M.D., Mayo Clinic Jacksonville. "The Shocking Tooth About Trigeminal Neuralgia" -New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 342, June 29, 2000, p. 2003

A cavitation is a pocket of usually unnoticeable anaerobic (needs no oxygen to thrive, feeds off itself) bacteria that most often forms when a non-Biological Dentist pulls a tooth and does not remove the periodontal ligament attached to the tooth, which is left to decay. The bone cannot bridge across the gap and heal, thus, a hole filled with bacteria (cavitation) is created in the jawbone. These are also formed when wisdom teeth are pulled, so if you have only had wisdom teeth pulled, you still have cavitations. The doctor makes a small incision and cleans the bacteria out, which allows the cavitation to heal. I have been in the office while a patient was having this procedure. The spouse was able to view the bacteria and it was a disgusting orangish gelatin-like substance, something you definitely don't want in your jaw. These and root canals, which harbor the same types of bacteria, can eat away at your jaw bone. I have personal experience with this and had to have dead jaw bone scraped away. When you have these bacteria in your jaw, your immune system must fight them, so it spends less time fighting off other illnesses. For more info, please see: Root Canals And Jawbone Cavitations .


Getting mercury out of your body through the use of supplements or drugs is called chelation. It is half the battle in getting well, the other half being removal of metals and toxins. Without chelating, mercury that has accumulated in your brain, lymphatic system and organs from your fillings over the years, can remain there for 20 to 30 years. You can begin chelating immediately after all your fillings are removed. Taking certain supplements beforehand, can make you very ill. For more information on chelation and a list of mercury chelators, click here.

Some of you will follow the Andy Cutler protocol and do fine, some will follow it and get ill. From my experience with mercury, while it does many similar things to people, it can sometimes be individual when chelating. Most people are going to do well on the known chelators that were established years ago. Many will do fine even adding the new ones discovered in recent years. Still others, are going to feel ill no matter what protocol they do. What is suggested is that you add one chelator at a time for three days each, in order to make sure there is no reaction before starting a new one. It is best to start off with one that not only mobilizes mercury, but also binds to it and takes it out of the body. I suggest starting with vitamin C. Chlorophyll also has this ability. Be aware that what often causes one to get ill when chelating is either focusing on one or two chelators or taking one that only mobilizes the mercury, such as cilantro. This can cause mercury to circulate in your system, but redistribute it, with very little being released from the body.

DMPS and DMSA are called provocation challenge tests. They test, as well as, chelate mercury; But, they are "dangerous", according to Dr. Hal Huggins and Dr. Thomas Levy. Originally used for military personnel who had high amounts of heavy metal exposure, they were designed to get the metals out quick. However, it puts toxic loads of metals on the kidneys. Dr. Hal Huggins told me that he has "seen too many horror stories with DMPS". Even the new lower doses of DMSA being promoted now days can be toxic.

Dr. Thomas Levy is a cardiologist who co-authored Uninformed Consent with Hal Huggins. In the book, Drs. Levy and Huggins discourage the use of [these] synthetic chelators in general, and DMPS in particular. At page 252 they state:

"Heavy metal chelators almost always over-accelerate the detoxification of the post-TDR (total dental revision) patient. DMSA, DMPS, and EDTA can all do this. DMPS is consistently the greatest offender here. Immune declines and clinical illness can result for weeks and sometimes even months after only one injection of DMPS".

Dr. Levy...[says], "DMPS is an unqualified sledge hammer to the immune system." He referred to the administration of DMPS as an "assault". Dr. Levy believes that synthetic chelators should just plain be avoided most of the time. Most patients simply don't need them.

*In recent years, DMSA has become available in much lower doses, and Hal Huggins DDS, MS and Thomas Levy MD, JD now approve of the use of DMSA capsules. Here is what Dr. Levy has to say, "In a nutshell, DMSA is fine if you take enough vitamin C and other antioxidant supplementation so that you are completely free from any negative symptomalogy from the ensuing release of toxins. A particularly good form of vitamin C for this purpose is lipsomal encapsulated vitamin C ("

The doctor focuses on ridding the body of mercury fillings, root canals, metals and toxins. The chelation is left up to the patient. I list the known chelators of mercury with dosages. I also have a list of the newest ones that you should do your own research on and/or consult your health care provider before taking. I chelated for four months which I felt was adequate for me.


I have not read Andy Cutler's book although one day I may decide to. I can only tell you that I was aware of his recommendation for ALA (alpha lipoic Acid) back in 2002. But, I chose, instead, to take it immediately after removal and take 200mg twice per day. I did exceptionally well. I am thinking that because I took so many other chelators, and supplements that mobilize the mercury, that redistribution was not a problem for me; At least, I felt no ill effects and improved every day. I was also aware of his recommendation for DMSA. At that time, many experts were against DMSA, and it was not readily available in small doses like it is today. My opinion is that most patients do not need DMSA or other synthetic chelating drugs to get rid of mercury, which is stated in the book "Uniformed Consent". I also agree that DMPS is dangerous and should be avoided. But, if a patient chooses to take DMSA, I do support the comment below by Dr Thomas Levy, that other supplements should be taken, and Murray Vimy's statement, that a qualified physician should monitor pharmaceutical chelation. And, regarding ALA, I agree with Dr. Boyd Haley's response below, that only excess amounts are dangerous.

I have asked the top authorities in Biologic Dentistry to comment on Andy Cutler:

David Kennedy, Thomas Levy, Boyd Haley, Murray Vimy, and Roger Eichman

Dr. David Kennedy filmed, produced and directed the smoking teeth video in association with the FIAOMT, funded by a grant from The Preventive Dental Health Association of San Diego, California. He is the former president of the IAOMT. Thomas Levy, MD, JD is a cardiologist who co-authored Uninformed Consent with Hal Huggins. Dr. Boyd Haley PhD is one of America's top leading mercury scientists and chemists and a Professor at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Murray Vimy, DDS, is a Dentist and Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada (author of Tooth Traitors). Dr. Roger Eichman, DDS, is the doctor who demonstated the mercury vapor release in the smoking teeth video at the IAOMT Symposium 2000, Oxford England.

So far, none of the experts have read Andy Cutler's book or are familiar with the protocol. Dr. Boyd Haley said he is currently reading it and will let me know later; He did, however, make a comment, about ALA (below).

I asked Dr Levy and Dr Vimy about DMSA, and this is what they told me:

Dr. Thomas Levy said, "In a nutshell, DMSA is fine if you take enough vitamin C and other antioxidant supplementation so that you are completely free from any negative symptomalogy from the ensuing release of toxins. A particularly good form of vitamin C for this purpose is lipsomal encapsulated vitamin C ("

Dr Murray Vimy stated, "My position is that I, as a Dentist, can recommend Vitamin, mineral and dietary chelation protocols. Chelation with pharmaceuticals is the responsibility of a Physician, who has been trained and qualified to do so."

I asked Dr Boyd Haley about ALA, told him about the other chelators I took to chelate mercury, and that I took ALA 200mg twice daily. I asked about the claims by Cutler that this amount and scheduling of ALA is dangerous. Here is his response:

"ALA is a much needed natural product that is essential for the pyruvate dehyrodgenase complex in the Krebs cycle within the mitochondria. It is only dangerous if you use an excess, then it could behave like a detergent and cause problems."


The midline is an imaginary line dividing the head into two halves at a point between the front teeth and between the eyes. I believe Hal Huggins implies that work cannot be done on both halves of the body in one appointment unless doing sedation, while many Dentists only refer to crossing the midline as putting in bridges that contain metal, over this line. This is a theory, but our Dentists have placed many bridges with metal (the metal being gold, of course) for many years and the patients are all fine. If  you do, however, not want this done, you can do partials instead.

Under this approach, yes, they do mercury filling removal on both sides whether sedation is given or not. They do measure amperage and polarity and remove accordingly per quadrant, of course. But if you do not want sedation and do not want this approach, they can schedule your work how you want it done.

The 7-14-21 day immune system response means that a patient having mercury removed say on day 1, cannot have work done on day 7 or 14 or 21. We do not have much use for this rule, as most all of our removals are done in one sitting. When removals are done without sedation, normally the Dentist has already taken the fillings out before the 7th day, so no need to worry about this, as it is ok to remove fillings on day one, day two, day three, etc.... The protocol actually fell by the wayside when Dr. Huggins began using IV conscious sedation in the late-1990s at his Puerto Vallarta clinic. He discovered that the best immune system recovery was achieved with the one-sitting removal. Those who wish to have fillings removed over a period of time, we will still do, while avoiding the 7th, 14th, and 21st days. With the latter approach, Huggins says it is best on the immune system if you can have them all removed by no more than 30 days.


[Economics, really]. ...your traditional dentist pays about one dollar for each amalgam he places....

In the coming years,...patients who are harmed by mercury amalgam may begin to bring lawsuits against the dentists who placed toxic substances in their mouths without the patient's knowledge or informed consent and those who purposely concealed facts about the filling's content. ....

It's no great stretch, after all, to question whether the ADA has covered up information about amalgam's dangers. As Dr. Huggins says, there's no logical reason for the ADA's refusal to recognize amalgam as a problem. At this point, thousands of patients have responded favorably to its removal. "There's been an active effort to keep the information from getting out," he says.

Now the ADA says that mercury vapor from amalgams is released in such minute quantities that is not enough to make anyone sick. As an open minded reader of this article, what conclusions can be drawn from this statement given by dentists (as opposed to medical doctors who specialize in what really makes people sick). A reasonable suggestion is that Liability is what they fear. One estimate is that their exposure could be 5 Trillion (yes, trillion) dollars for amalgam replacements and monetary damages for the sick and injured.

Dr. Huggins, for one, used to spend a great deal of time lecturing to dental associations on the topic of dental amalgam. But then the engagements came to a screeching halt. "I used to lecture 100 days a year to dental groups, and all of a sudden I was told that if I were on a dental program, there would be no postgraduate credit given for that program," he says. "And there's never been an invitation since. Approximately 18 months of bookings were canceled in one week." ....

Dr. Sam Ziff, an author and researcher who has studied this topic for years, believes that a political power play is at work, with the issue of legal liability lurking in the background. "I think what they're really hoping for is that the problem will just slowly fade away as more and more of the alternative materials are used and the use of amalgam is stopped" says Ziff.

He points to a similar situation that took place in Sweden several years ago. A special commission declared amalgam to be an unsuitable dental filling, says Ziff, but the medical and dental establishment applied political pressure until the commission recanted its statement publicly.

When scientists took the commission to task on national television, says Ziff, the Swedish Social Welfare and Health Administration made an historic about-face and supported the original statement against the use of amalgam. As this case illustrates, says Ziff, "There is a lot of political pressure being brought to bear. They've been using it for 150 years, and nobody likes to admit they've been wrong for that long." ....

That's exactly what the Swedish agency did, however, when it declared amalgam to be "an unsuitable and toxic dental filling material which shall be discontinued as soon as suitable replacement materials are produced," according to a Swedish newspaper. An official said: We now realize that we have made a mistake. This has caused people to suffer unnecessarily." ....


NO! There is not one research article which demonstrates the safety of Dental Amalgam as a Non-Toxic substance!

...many scientists have questioned the continuing use of mercury amalgam or have called for an outright ban on its use. 'There is no safe level of mercury at all,' says Dr. Jay Dooreck. Toxicity experts such as Thomas Clarkson of the University of Rochester Medical School- and Lars Friberg of the Karolinska Institute also argue against the notion of a "safe" level of mercury exposure. ....

I'm just not comfortable somehow with a material (mercury-fillings) that I cannot legally throw in the trash, bury in the ground, send to a landfill for disposal, [or legally handle with my bare hands], but which, they say, I can safely put in your mouth....

Dr. Michael Ziff, a retired dentist who fought a four-year legal battle over mercury with the dental board in Florida, is now executive director of the Orlando-based International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology, a leading anti- mercury group with about 400 dentist members. The average American has seven mercury fillings, Ziff says. "It's kind of like holding seven leaking mercury thermometers in your mouth 365 days a year, 24 hours a day."

Washington Post
Tuesday, May 2, 2006; Page HE02

Where Does That Mercury Go?

The public should be aware that the findings on dental amalgams cited in "Mercury in fillings do not seem to alter children's IQs" [Quick Study, April 25] contain data that obviously point out the danger of dental amalgams that was ignored, or not understood, by the authors.

They present data showing that the urine levels of mercury in the amalgam-bearers at Year 2 was about 3.2 micrograms per liter vs. 1.3 for the composite-bearers. At Year 7 the levels were about 1.8 vs. 1.2, respectively, with the urine mercury levels dropping in the amalgam-bearers by 44 percent while no significant change occurred in the composite-bearers.

The drop in urinary mercury excretion occurred in years 3 to 7 even though these children increased in the average number of amalgams and therefore the amount of exposure.

How do you explain these results? The answer is retention of the mercury in the children's bodies as expected by the well-known toxic property of mercury, where it slowly impairs the body's physiological ability to excrete mercury and other heavy metals after extended exposure. It is this buildup that leads to later illnesses and represents why mercury-containing fillings should not be used.

Boyd Haley
Professor of Chemistry/Biochemistry
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Ky.


NO! Non-biologic dentists are not only taught by the ADA that mercury is safe, but if they do agree to remove it (they are only allowed by law to remove it for cosmetic reasons), they are usually not skilled in the protocol for removal. Hal Huggins found that many people who did not have their fillings removed in order of amperage and polarity, their health either remained the same, or got worse. It takes a special instrument called a Rita Meter to properly measure the current and polarity of each filling. Huggins certified clinics have these, thus we use one. I cannot recommend Dentists who do not use one.

Studies as early as 1957 using radioactively labeled Mercury 203 found high levels both upon placement and upon removal. High levels were again found when amalgams were removed even when the teeth were extracted.

You can get very ill if they do not follow the Huggin's protocol (see below). There are quite a few Biologic Dentists throughout the U.S., it is very costly to have the amalgams removed and replaced. Also, some Biologic Dentists actually perform root canals, which contain toxins. Our Dentists skillfully repair your teeth for a fraction of what you pay in the states and many other countries.


Cavities in teeth have been filled over the years with a variety of materials: stone chips, turpentine resin, gum, metals....

-Aguste Taveau of Paris, France, developed what was probably the first dental amalgam--in 1816. He used filings from silver coins mixed with mercury.

The first dental silver amalgam was introduced by Bell of England in 1819 and later used by Taveau in Paris in 1826. Dr. D.M.Cattell stated that the first dental amalgam introduced into the United States was by the two Crawcour brothers under the name of "Royal Mineral Succedaneum", the last word meaning a substitute or replacer, in 1833.

Through advertisements these two Frenchmen induced a large number of prosperous people to submit to their operations with this material and incensed many of the better dentists. This was the beginning of the amalgam wars, waged on at least two bases: first, the material was introduced by two Frenchmen who were little better than charlatans; second, the use of amalgam was opposed by some physicians as it was a source of mercury poisoning. .... Dr. Chapin A. Harris in his opening address to the first class of the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, founded in 1839 as the first dental college, said about amalgam that it is one of the most abominable articles for filling teeth that could be employed. Many cases were reported of systemic effects and even death resulting from the presence of mercury in amalgam. Patients were sent to dentists by physicians with instructions to remove all amalgam fillings and the Onondaga Medical Society of New York adopted resolutions to the effect that amalgam produced depression, nervousness, indigestion, ptyalism, paralysis, and death.

Back in 1840, dentists formed the American Society of Dental Surgeons. Their members were required to sign pledges that they would NOT use mercury in the fillings they placed. There were even cases in New York in 1848 where dentists were fined for malpractice for using mercury in their filling material. Mercury was referred to as "quicksilver" in North American and in Europe was called "quacksalver" Therefore a "quack" was someone who pretends to cure disease and "salve" was an application for wounds. The term "QUACK" was first applied to anyone using mercury to cure skin diseases, e.g. the skin lesions associated with tertiary syphilis. The skin rash would disappear, but the disease went deeper into the organs and the nervous system and the person died a very painful death. The term was then used against dentists using mercury for the same reason, - using a poisonous substance to "cure" or fix decay. Because of the internal feuds, a new dental organization was formed in 1859, the American Dental Association (ADA). This body did NOT condemn the use of mercury...[and the same mercury fillings are still being used today.]


...Mercury damages DNA, alters the structure of proteins, disrupts the communication between cells, induces free radical tissue damage and inhibits antioxidant enzymes like glutathione peroxidase. Mercury from a single dental filling (nanogram amounts are all that are required) is enough to inhibit the activity of white blood cells. Mercury can indirectly increase antibiotic-resistant oral and intestinal bacteria, impair kidney function and induce autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Several neurological diseases are linked to mercury hypersensitivity or toxicity including Lou Gehrig's disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS), Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's Disease. ....

Mercury vapors from dental amalgams absorb directly into the blood and practically all body tissues including the oral cavity, the lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. ....

Mercury levels in the blood, urine, brain, nerves, endocrine glands and kidneys increase in direct proportion to the number of amalgam restorations present in the mouth. Studies indicate that 80% of inhaled mercury vapor is absorbed into the bloodstream. There is a direct transport of mercury through the peripheral nerves and into the central nervous system. Autopsy studies reveal statistically significant correlations between measured mercury tissue concentrations and the number of amalgam fillings. ....

Based on extensive scientific documentation, several world governments (e.g. Germany, Austria, Sweden, Norway) have either banned the use of mercury dental amalgams outright or severely curtailed their use, especially in pregnant women or those with kidney problems.

...Aluminum is linked to Alzheimer's, but there is also a great deal of evidence for an association between mercury and Alzheimer's. Mercury levels are elevated in the brains of Alzheimer's patients compared to controls. Aluminum is not. Mercury causes Alzheimer's-like changes in rat brain cells at levels similar to those found in monkeys with amalgam fillings. Mercury in human brain tissue has been shown to be correlated with the number of amalgam fillings.

Toxic metals like mercury have been found to be the cause of developmental cognitive and behavioral problems to millions of children, including major factors in learning disabilities, ADD, dyslexia, juvenile delinquency, and criminality. The extreme toxicity of mercury can be seen from documented effects on wildlife by very low levels of mercury exposure. Because of the extreme toxicity of mercury, only 1/2 gram is required to contaminate the ecosystem and fish of a 10 acre lake to the extent that a health warning would be issued by the government to not eat the fish. ....

That mercury can affect fertility is well known since mercury has been commonly used as a spermicide in birth control products. Potential effects can again be seen from effects on wildlife. Some Florida panthers that eat birds and animals that eat fish, frogs, and turtles containing very low levels of mercury (about 1 part per million) have died from chronic mercury poisoning. Since mercury is an estrogenic chemical and reproductive toxin, the majority of the rest cannot reproduce. The average male Florida panther has estrogen levels as high as females, due to the estrogenic properties of mercury. Similar is true of some other animals at the top of the food chain like alligators and wading birds, and marine mammals such as polar bears, seals, beluga and orca whales.

Mercury has also been documented to be a reproductive and developmental toxin in humans. Mercury has been documented to cross the placenta and commonly is found in the fetus at higher levels than in the mother. Likewise mercury is readily transmitted to an infant through the mother's breast milk. Some of mercury's documented hormonal effects at very low levels of exposure include effects on the reproductive system resulting in lowered sperm counts, defective sperm cells, and lowered testosterone levels in males; along with menstrual disturbances, infertility, spontaneous abortions in women, and birth defects. Studies found that very low levels of exposure to mercury cause genetic/ DNA damage and inhibits DNA & RNA synthesis; damages sperm, lowers sperm counts and reduces motility ; causes menstrual disturbances ; reduces blood's ability to transport oxygen to fetus, and transport of essential amino acids and nutrients including magnesium, zinc and Vit B12 ; depresses enzyme function and isocitric dehydrogenase (ICD) in fetus; causes reduced iodine uptake, inhibited ATP activity, & hypothyroidism; causes infertility, and causes spontaneous abortions and birth defects. Pregnant women who suffer from hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid) have a four-times greater risk for miscarriage during the second trimester than those who don't, and women with untreated thyroid deficiency were four-times more likely to have a child with developmental disabilities and lower I.Q.

Chronic inhalation of mercury vapor from amalgam fillings for twenty years or more can result in accumulation of pathologic quantities of mercury in the brain and other critical organs and tissues. Human autopsy studies of accident victims have shown a positive correlation between the numbers of mercury amalgam dental fillings and the concentration of mercury in the brain. The onset of clinically observable signs or symptoms of mercury toxicity may take as long as 20-30 years to appear, depending on a person's biochemical individuality. Lubricated condoms and birth control creams or gels have mercury as the primary spermicide. It is not required that the word mercury appear on the label, as it is assumed that everyone knows mercury is in there. The uterus is a collection center for mercury. Hal Huggins reported that more than 90% of the imbalances, created by sex hormone disturbances were corrected within a few weeks of amalgam removal. His patients noted differences in fertility, less pain during periods, relief from endometriosis, and a trend toward optimization of the days of menstrual flow. PMS is one of the most common symptoms to change after amalgam removal. Amenorrhea, or the complete absence of a menstrual flow, responds to amalgam removal. This is usually in women in their twenties or thirties. Even in women who have gone through a sort of premature menopause in their early forties, the periods may start up again for a couple of years. This has resulted in surprise pregnancies. Women should avoid pregnancy for at least six months after amalgam removal. [For more information on mercury fillings, including symptoms, click here for the mercury amalgam links page.]

Charles Williamson, M.D., co-director of the Toxic Studies Institute in Boca Raton, Florida and colleague, Jordan Davis, M.D., sat down with [Jim O'Brien of] Life Extension magazine for an in-depth interview on the problem of mercury toxicity caused by dental fillings. ....

Dr. Williamson says that the toxicity results in disorders primarily of the central nervous system; the head, neck and oral cavity; the gastrointestinal tract; the cardiovascular, renal and immune systems. "Exposure to mercury fillings results in a chronic toxicity, not acute poisoning," he noted as an aside.

According to Dr. Williamson, the toxicity can manifest in irritability and anxiety, restlessness and emotional instability, loss of memory, inability to concentrate, mental confusion, depression, anti-social behavior, suicidal tendencies, muscle weakness and loss of coordination; bleeding gums and loosening of teeth; abdominal cramps, chronic diarrhea and/or constipation; abnormal heart rhythms and blood pressure (high or low) and unexplained elevations of cholesterol and triglycerides; repeated infections or cancer; and generalized complaints such as chronic headaches, allergies, dermatitis, cold and clammy skin or excessive perspiration, ringing in the ears, joint and muscle pain, unsteady gait, wheezing, heart palpitations, sinus congestion, allergies, loss of appetite or chronic obesity.

.... The science is blatantly overwhelming that mercury amalgams leak toxic vapors. The irony is that dentists who place the compound in people's mouths do not treat it like a toxic substance. In fact, leftover amalgam must be disposed of according to strict EPA guidelines.

"More importantly," says Dr. Williamson, "there are studies from world renowned institutions that categorically show a cause-and-effect relationship between mercury and disease; this is particularly true of Alzheimer's disease.

"Mercury is a cytotoxin-i.e. it poisons cells. Why wouldn't it make you sick?" ....

"The list of problems mercury vapor can cause is endless. There is an extremely high incidence of depression, memory loss and behavioral problems including violent outbursts that can be explained by exposure to mercury vapor," Dr. Williamson told Life Extension.

He says that mercury toxicity also produces systemic effects, from foul breath and ringing in the ears to general fatigue or unexplained numbness or burning sensations that may be related. Most disturbingly, Dr. Williamson points out, is the evidence linking mercury vapor exposure to the development of chronic kidney disease and autoimmune disorders such as arthritis, lupus erythematosus (LE), multiple sclerosis (MS), scleroderma, amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and hypothyroidism. ....

An affidavit signed by a coroner of the State of Washington and presented to the ADA in the city of Sea-Tac in January 1990 during a public hearing stated that mercury poisoning is a leading cause of death in people under 40 who die naturally.

Professor Erich Rudolf Jaensch (1883-1940), "Ordinarius" in psychology at the University of Marburg gave Alfred Stock the detailed story of his own "amalgam illness" in a written account....

Jaensch was 15 when he received his first amalgam fillings, and he then gradually developed nervous complaints which were diagnosed as "hypochondriac neurasthenia". Physically he still appeared to be in good health, but this changed in 1909, after his dentist had made some kind of bridge construction connecting the largish amalgam fillings in his molars, an apparently rather unnecessary intervention which may have involved the introduction of other metal alloys in addition to amalgam (no details quoted). After some time Jaensch developed chronic diarrhoea, which during the years 1912-1916 resulted in at least ten evacuations a day. This led to weight loss, severe pain in various parts of the body, sleep disturbance, stomatitis, asthmatic symptoms, anxiety, and gradually Jaensch became more or less bedridden and incapable of intellectual work.

The idea that his severe illness might have to do with his 24 large amalgams did not occur to Jaensch until 1916. He contacted a certain Professor Sommer who agreed to investigate this apparently remote possibility, and the urinary level of mercury was found to be raised. Prof. Sommer's written conclusions about a causal connection were however met with total denial by a series of dentists, who were convinced that the safety of amalgam was a matter of scientific fact. Amalgam removal was consequently regarded as unnecessary, and no dentist would undertake such an operation until a Prof. Binswanger (who may have been one of three possible psychiatrists B.) expressly asked a dentist friend of his to help Jaensch. At first his symptoms increased during the removal procedure, but later, when suction was applied in order to remove amalgam dust and vapors, this problem did not occur again. As soon as the removal was complete, his diarrhea improved considerably, and this was followed by a slow recovery from all of his symptoms. The amalgam restorations were replaced by gold.

When...extracts from Jaensch's history, the follow-up time was already ten years, and recovery was apparently complete. His academic career confirmed this. Jaensch's work is cited in several places (along with that of his brother Walter) in Oswald Bumke's monumental handbook of psychiatry. ....

...he was all but down and out for several years up to 1916, but then fully regained his health after amalgam removal. It may be taken as a sign of his continued vitality that he published a book as late as 1937. The follow-up time was thus more than 20 years without relapse.

Swedish researchers have developed a sophisticated test for immune/ autoimmune reactions that has proved successful in diagnosing and treating environmentally caused diseases such as lichen planus, CFS,MS, etc... related to mercury and other immunotoxics.

Interviews of a large population of Swedish patients that had amalgams removed due to health problems found that virtually all reported significant health improvements and that the health improvements were permanent. (study period 17 years) A compilation of an even larger population found similar results. For example 89% of those reporting allergies had significant improvements or total elimination; extrapolated to U.S. population this would represent over 17 million people who would benefit regarding allergies alone.


Dentists and dental personnel who work with amalgam are chronically exposed to mercury vapor. Mercury levels in urine of dental personnel average about two times that of controls. Walking into the average dental office can result in a mercury exposure that approximately equivalent to having 19 amalgam fillings.

Dr. Davis points out that mercury burden on the body increases with age, and older dentists have median mercury urine levels about four times those of controls, as well as higher brain burdens. Dentists and dental personnel experience significantly higher levels of neurological, memory, mood and behavioral problems, which increase with years of exposure. Female dental technicians who work with amalgam have significantly reduced fertility and lowered probability of conception and their children have significantly lower average IQ compared to the general population.

Further, the homes of many dentists have been found to have high levels of mercury contamination, probably caused by the dentists bringing it home on shoes and clothes. Autopsies of former dental staff have found levels of mercury in the pituitary gland that averaged more than 10 times greater than that of controls and also found higher levels in the occipital cortex, renal cortex and thyroid.

And it gets even more grim. Dentists have the highest rate of suicide of any profession. They also suffer a high incidence of depression and memory disorders. According to Dr. Davis, A large number of dentists wind up being placed on permanent disability and frequently carry a nebulous diagnosis of non-specific neurological disorder, which we believe is mercury toxicity, plain and simple.

Dentists have the highest suicide and divorce rates among professional. Female dental personnel have a higher spontaneous abortion rate, a raised incidence of premature labor, and an elevated peri-natal mortality.

"Electro-galvanism is frequently the cause of lack of concentration and memory, insomnia, psychological problems, tinnitus, vertigo, epilepsy. To name a few."---Edward Arana, D.D.S.

Dental Educator wrote:

If there was a problem with the use of dental amalgam it would certainly show up in those who use it on a daily basis. No study that I am aware of has demonstrated any such connection in dental personnel.

Dr. Kennedy [D.D.S.] Responds:

According to the occupational health and safety textbooks on dental personnel mercury poisoning is a common finding.

In addition, a number of investigators have linked occupational mercury exposure to infertility and birth defects in dental personnel. One dentist as you may recall sued her dental school when she gave birth to an infant with acrodynia (mercury poisoning in children). Apparently, no professor had mentioned during her 4 years of training that her infant could be poisoned in the womb if mercury vapor is inhaled.

Kidney function in dental workers is also impaired.

I could go on at length. This entire lecture along with appropriate references is available if you would like. Ask for Toxics in Dentistry.

Pioneer: Dr. Alfred Stock

The exposure to mercury from dental amalgam was first documented in the scientific literature by Dr. Alfred Stock in 1926. (Stock A: Die Gefahrlichkeit des quecksilberdampfes. Zeitschrift Angewandte Chemie 1926, 39: 461-466.)

How The Doctors Spin Doctor

In 1931, the ADA convened a panel of "ethical" experts who decided that Dr. Stock's work was seriously flawed. They (the ADA and NIDR) continued to deny that any mercury was released until by 1984 they were utterly overwhelmed with the proven facts. The new spin is that the amount was not enough to hurt you and that no specific disease has been proven to be caused by mercury. Every dentist concerned about their personal liability should pay very close attention to the issue of causation. Although mercury has been linked to numerous disorders, absolute proof of causation has not been produced.

Duty To Warn

There is no artificial legal standard that a material must first be proven to cause a specific disease before a manufacturer has a duty to warn. Since mercury is released from amalgam, the dentist who manufactures the filling has the duty to warn the patient of this fact.

The WHO document further states that "A specific no-observed--effect level (NOEL) cannot be established." That is, any amount causes some damage.

Loaded committees and pseudo expert panels are the tools of spin doctors not ethical research scientists. A scientist who disagrees with the work of another scientist is morally bound to attempt to repeat the experiment and publish divergent results, if any are found. In the case of Dr. Stock, his classic experiment still stands on its own despite sixty years of dentist denial.

Stock's Classic Mercury Breath Experiment

Dr. Stock blew his own breath into an empty leather bag. He then distilled it through newly blown glassware and produced a tiny droplet of mercury. This drop he measured with a calibrated microscope. Used calculus to calculate the concentration in the bag and performed chemical analysis to make certain that the shimmering silver droplet was in fact mercury. He showed that his breath contained 10 micrograms of mercury per cubic meter (ug/m3).

What was wrong with that experiment? Nothing!

Stock's Experiment Is Replicated

Dr. Stocks work was replicated in 1981 by the late Dr. Carl Svare. (Svare CW, Peterson LC, Reinhardt JW, Frank CW, Boyer DB: Dental Amalgam: a potential source of mercury vapor exposure. J Dent Res 59(special issue A):34l, Abstract #293, 1980)

It has since been replicated over 10 times by other investigators and has even been used as a subject for student science fairs. This is a perfect example of a widely taught anecdotal opinion's triumph over published science. The dentists who served on the ADA panel in 1931 apparently never even attempted to replicate Dr. Stocks experiments. They just canonized their agust opinions into dental dogma and spread the word that Dr. Stock was a flawed researcher.

Now that his research has been thoroughly vindicated, who was this Dr. Stock? He was the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Germany and one of the leading scientists of his time. So you see, even great scientists can be denigrated by the spin doctors.

Danger To Dental Workers

Many dentists have claimed that dental amalgam is safe because the amount released into ones breath does not exceed the OSHA Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) of 100 micrograms/per cubic meter (ug/m3) and most people do not continuously exceed the Time Weighted Average (TWA) of 50 ug/m3. What they fail to explain to their patients is that workers exposed to any portion of the OSHA TWA and MAC are subject to medical monitoring for mercury poisoning and written informed consent from their employer. The medical records must remain on file for thirty years after termination of exposure. (Do any dental schools in the world comply with this regulation?) These standards are based upon adult physiology and we know that some adults will become highly poisoned at these levels.

Dental students are not employees. Their health is protected by the EPA. Later Dental Educator remarks on the high level of mercury a patient is exposed to during removal. All dental students working in closed tiny laboratories without the benefits of respirators and vacuum hoods are illegally exposed to high levels of mercury vapor.

Children, Infants, the general public and especially pregnant women are specifically excluded from the OSHA standard. Their health is protected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA has documented an infant poisoned at 2 ug/m3 and has a current standard of 0.3 ug/m3. Few if any people who have occlusal amalgam fillings breath is below this standard, but wait there is more.

Studies of dentists have found memory loss and hand dexterity problems from occupational exposure. This is predictable considering the blatant attitude toward personnel exposure and careless handling of mercury compounds demonstrated by dental educators.

On the other hand the US Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has just recommended new standards for the acute exposure to mercury that make it impossible to even mix the components of the filling together much less pack and carve. They determined in November of 1994 that a transient exposure to .020 (ug/m3) was an acute exposure. That means that this level was immediately hazardous to health.

We do not yet have the technology to measure this exposure level easily. It is 500 times lower than Dr. Stock measured in 1926 in his own exhaled breath. I suppose the dental educators will claim that the ATSDR is engaged in an alarmist conspiracy to dispute the long held and often touted anecdotal opinion of dentists.

Dentists Who Pass The Buck

When I asked the Dean of my dental school why I was not informed of the scientific facts regarding mercury the Dean told me that our education was ADA approved and they, not he, were responsible for the content. The ADA was recently dismissed from a lawsuit in California. They filed their request for dismissal based upon the fact that they are in no way responsible for the toxicity of any materials they approve. They are a trade organization and their approval of materials is not for safety but for purity and packaging.

Education of future scientists is not dictated by a trade organization. Research and science are suppose to be the foundation of the University system. The educators are suppose to keep abreast of developments and teach students to think with the tools of science not just memorize spin doctors anecdotal dogma.

Practicing dentists are ostensibly the responsible parties here not some government agency or trade organization. In California it is against the professional code of ethics to make false statements to the public. The legislature felt that the burden of knowledge rested upon the professional with greater training and expertise in the field. They require the professional to be absolutely certain that our statement are the truth. If your state has adopted similar regulations, scientifically unfounded claims of safety may be a violation of that ethical standard. It is no wonder that patients seeking to have more biocompatible restorations placed have difficulty in finding competent dentists.


Research conducted at the University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine has demonstrated that trace amounts of mercury can cause the type of damage to nerves that is characteristic of the damage found in Alzheimer's Disease. The level of mercury exposure is consistent with those levels found in humans with mercury/silver amalgam dental fillings. The exposure to mercury caused the formation of "neurofibrillar tangles", which are one of the two diagnostic markers for Alzheimer's Disease. The scientists found that other metals, including aluminum, did not cause the damage. Previous research has shown that mercury can cause the formation of the other Alzheimer's Disease diagnostic marker, "amyloid plaques".

In 1991, Boyd Haley, Ph.D., a research toxicologist at the University of Kentucky in Lexington found some disturbing evidence about mercury:

"It was almost accidental," Dr. Haley told Life Extension [Magazine]. "I found out how damaging mercury amalgam is to the brain while studying tissue affected by Alzheimer's disease."

"The basic research I conducted shows the difference between normal and diseased tissue. My own examination of Alzheimer's affected cells told me there had to be a toxicant-a toxic substance that causes it. So I went searching for one. I identified two environmental sources that could be responsible: Cadmium, mainly found in cigarette smoke, and mercury." Later, anti-amalgam lobbyists told Haley dentists were using amalgam fillings that leak mercury.

"Frankly, I thought they were nuts," says Dr. Haley. "No way would anybody, let alone responsible health care professionals, put people at serious risk by putting a toxic substance in their bodies, I reasoned."

"But I did an experiment. I put mercury amalgam in water. Then, I placed a sample of brain tissue in that water and checked on it over time. After a period of several weeks, I noticed that the exposure to mercury had suppressed the secretion from the brain tissue of tubulin-a major enzyme that performs critical functions in the brain. This finding was consistent both with mercury toxicity and with brain tissue as affected by Alzheimer's disease."

"From that, I concluded that there's clearly leakage from mercury amalgam-and that there's a strong probability that people who have such fillings in their teeth are being exposed to chronic, low-dose mercury leakage." Dr. Haley, concluded that having many mercury fillings from age 14 until age 65 or longer would substantially increase the chances of Alzheimer's disease.

Dentists do not agree with Haley. "They insist mercury amalgam is safe, non-toxic and that it doesn't leak. [But the fact of the matter is that] mercury is a neurotoxin. It leeches out of dental fillings, of that there is no doubt. Anybody can measure it. It heightens the risk of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease as well as other neurological disorders. Dentists defend their use of mercury amalgam, but it's unjustifiable. I feel like I've been arguing with the town drunk for eight or nine years. My conclusion is simple and direct: mercury is the toxicant behind Alzheimer's disease. It may not be the only one, but mercury's role in the development of Alzheimer's disease is clear."


URINE samples from hundreds of French children have yielded evidence for a link between autism and exposure to heavy metals. If validated, the findings might mean some cases of autism could be treated with drugs that purge the body of heavy metals.

Samples from children with autism contained abnormally high levels of a family of proteins called porphyrins, which are precursors in the production of haem, the oxygen-carrying component in haemoglobin. Heavy metals block haem production, causing porphyrins to accumulate in urine. Concentrations of one molecule, coproporphyrin, were 2.6 times as high in urine from children with autism as in controls.

Autism is thought to have a number of unknown genetic and environmental causes. Richard Lathe of Pieta Research in Edinburgh, UK, says he has found one of these factors. "It's highly likely that heavy metals are responsible for childhood autistic disorder in a majority of cases," he claims. The study will appear in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.

Lathe says these porphyrin metabolites bind to receptors in the brain and have been linked with epilepsy and autism.

The researchers restored porphyrin concentrations to normal in 12 children by treating them with "chelation" drugs that mop up heavy metals and are then excreted. It is not yet known whether the children's symptoms have eased, but Lathe cites anecdotal reports suggesting the drugs might do some good.

New Scientist magazine, Issue 2553: Page 21, May 27, 2006



Various tests, blood, urine, hair analysis have been used to test for mercury and other heavy metals.... You can put a sample in and mail it away to the lab. The results come back with literature to help interpret them.

Doctors Data Inc. 800-323-2784
PO Box 111 Fax 630-587-7860
Chicago Illinois 60186-9986


More information regarding methods of testing for mercury poisoning

An FDA approved test for mercury is the fractionated porphyrin urine test- high precoproporphyrin and/or coproporphyrin indicates metabolic damage from toxics, usually mercury.

[This is the best test for mercury poisoning. I recommend it and the fractionated porphyrin fecal test for mercury.  The other test I recommend is the Melisa test (below).]   You can ask your doctor to write a prescription for them or contact a laboratory, such as, The Edelson Center,

Intra-oral Vapor Testing- An interesting test to demonstrate the fact that mercury is present in your mouth from your mercury fillings. ...But it doesn't show you how much mercury your body tissues are storing.

Blood and Urine Testing...interesting, but both high and low urine mercury levels could be a problem. It won't necessarily tell you the level of stored mercury. It only shows you what is presently being excreted. Blood levels can indicate recent exposure, recent excretion, or high levels.

DMPS Challenge Test [is a] urine mercury test before and after a chelation "challenge" with DMPS that liberates mercury stored in body tissues. This is much more accurate and meaningful than plain blood or urine testing.  [I do
not recommend this test.  DMPS and DMSA were originally government military tests designed to get large amounts of heavy metals out of our soldiers.  They can be dangerous according to Hal Huggins. Patients can end up bed-ridden for months, on dialysis, some have even died! Note: Hal is now using small doses of DMSA, which is much safer than DMPS and seems to work well for some patients. If you do decide to take DMSA, best to consult a health care provider or physician.]  

Hair Testing Indicates levels of mercury and other metals stored by your body over a period of time. hair closest to the scalp [newer, more recent growth] gives the most recent indication. Apparently there are many variables with hair - possibly including the kind of shampoos and conditioners etc. used - so that the alternative "experts" mostly seem to have little faith in hair analysis. I trust them since they are closer to the scientific research that checks these things out.  [Hal Huggins says hair analysis is not always a good indicator of mercury poisoning.  Often, the patient retains the mercury in the brain, lymphatic system and organs enough so that they will get a low reading in their hair.  Most doctors will see this as they don't have much mercury in their system, But when Huggins sees this, and the person has many amalgams, he knows it is an indication of high mercury retention.]

Skin Patch Testing - Hypersensitivity This is controversial. There are concerns that it could "sensitize" a person and make things worse. It should only be done by a medically trained professional like a dermatologist or medical allergist and should be done with ammoniated mercury [not mercury chloride].

Electrical Galvanic Testing Interesting in that it shows how the amalgam fillings have created a "battery" in your mouth and actually produces an electrical current that can speed the release of mercury and maybe even create havoc with acupuncture meridians. But it does not tell you how much of a problem you have with mercury toxicity or stored mercury levels.

[F]requently...urine... is tested after an intravenous infusion of DMPS chelation. The urine test result, however, is commonly reported incorrectly on a form using reference ranges derived from urine collected without a prior provocative chelation using DMPS or any other chelator. The result therefore, is reported incorrectly and deceptively appears to be very high.

Everyone has some mercury in their body. If DMPS, DMSA or any other mercury chelator is given, mercury excretion increases greatly. That will always occur, even in people with relatively low and nontoxic levels of mercury. We need to know whether or not the amount of mercury detected is enough to cause symptoms of ill health. Is it a toxic level? The only way to do that is to compare measured results with ranges found using exactly the same type of provocative chelation on large number of people who do not have symptoms of mercury toxicity. Many laboratories do not seem able to provide that type of honest report. ....

To correctly interpret a test result and to know if you really do have a mercury problem, you must know the range of mercury levels measured by that same laboratory in the urines from a large population of typical Americans who suffer no symptoms of toxicity, and they must be tested after exactly the same method of provocative testing and specimen collection used in your own testing. Ask the laboratory to provide you with the mean (average) level and the standard deviation of test results from a series of at least 100 consecutive test subjects using the same protocol you used. At the mean (average) level, approximately 50% of all people tested will have more mercury. At the mean level plus one standard deviation (SD), approximately 16% will be higher. At the mean plus 2 SD, 2.5 % will be higher. At mean plus 3 SD, less than 1% will be higher. Those percentages will vary somewhat with the distribution of values, but this method allows an approximation. ....

Accurate mercury testing is very difficult and not all labs have good quality control.

One laboratory...[the Author] recommend[s] has consistently performed accurate testing for...patients, ...The King James Omegatech Medical Laboratory in Cleveland, Ohio. Their Internet website address and phone number is listed below. Any doctor can use their services. But, ...[He] do[es] not blindly accept the reference ranges on the laboratory report. ...[He]...personally [has] computed the means and SD for each metal using a large number of test results from patients with no symptoms of metal toxicity and established the 97th percentile as the reference range (somewhat lower for mercury).

Phone: 1-800-437-1404

Using a single dose of DMSA by mouth on an empty stomach with a glass of water, preferably in the morning before breakfast, and then carefully collecting all urine for six hours, a wide range of toxic metals (mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium, nickel and others) are measured by the King James Omegatech Laboratory, relative to urine creatinine. ... do[es] not use 24 hour urines because they have been proven to have much greater collection errors. If the mercury level measured with this test is less than 5 micrograms per gram of urine creatinine (which is close to the mean or average level for all Americans), there is probably no mercury toxicity. The more concentrated the urine, as occurs with fasting, the higher the metal concentrations, which results in more accurate testing. By reporting mercury relative to urine creatinine, which is excreted at a fairly constant rate throughout the day, correction for variable dilution with fluid intake occurs. A reading of from 6 to 8 for mercury is suspicious but still doubtful. If the result is higher than 8, I would suggest a course of DMSA by mouth, with repeat testing every 3 months until the level is below 5. All chelation, including DMSA, should be stopped at least 3 weeks before follow-up testing to allow equilibration throughout in the body. I have posted the reference ranges used in my practice on this Website at the link below to help you in your own interpretation. These are the ranges derived from my own patients using the King James Laboratory, using the above method. ....

In [the Author's] opinion, DMPS is obsolete no longer has a place in medicine. [He has] communicated with many patients who received DMPS elsewhere and were made quite sick by it. Even if DMPS is used, it can effectively be given by mouth without intravenous infusions. EDTA is a very weak chelator of mercury and is not an effective treatment for mercury toxicity. [He] recommends DMSA, which can be given by mouth, is safer, more effective, and much less expensive. ....

Any doctor or dentist can prescribe DMSA, which can be obtained generically at a reasonable cost from Wellness Health and Pharmaceuticals: 2800 South 18th St., Birmingham, AL 35209 PHONE:(205)879-6551 (800)-227-2627 FAX:(205)871-2568 (800)-369-0302 EMAIL:

The usual dose is 500 mg fasting on arising with a glass or two of water (coffee or tea is OK). Eat no food for 45 minutes. This is done three days per week, Mon. Wed. Fri. If you miss a dose, take it the next day.

DMSA is also available at any pharmacy as "Chemet" or "succimer," but only as 100 mg capsules and is much more expensive than the generic form.

The Melisa Test

Metal allergy has been found to be common in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Multiple Sclerosis (MS), amongst other conditions.

By identifying and avoiding the metal they are reacting to, MS and CFS patients can achieve significant...improvements. In some cases, they have...a full recovery.

Professor Vera Stejskal has developed MELISA, the first scientifically-proven blood test which can diagnose metal allergy. Problems are often identified to the mercury in dental amalgam fillings.

The MELISA MEDICA FOUNDATION was established to support research in this area. It licenses the MELISA test to specialist laboratories, publishes medical research, explains the basics behind MELISA and looks at some hot topics in this fast-growing field of medicine.


Our office does use the best materials of compatibility for the general public, but if you wish to get a biocompatibility test, we offer it, although there is a two week delay for the results.  So, you may wish to order it through the company  in Colorado before you arrive (see below).  We will give you the materials on your report which are least reactive. I advise patients who "seem to be allergic to everything" to get this test if they are concerned. It is not mandatory, and generally not necessary, as the we use top of the line Biologic products. Personally, I have spoken at length with two different companies and feel the test performed by Scientific Health Solutions, Inc. is superior in it's thoroughness of testing.  It is also the original test created by Hal Huggins.

This testing utilizes a serum blood specimen in a sophisticated fashion to help determine on an individual basis what one's "least toxic" replacement dental materials might be. The term "least toxic" is used here because all foreign substances introduced into the body will provoke the immune system of the patient to some degree. As the body's protector, the immune system wouldn't really be doing its job if this didn't happen to some degree.

.... The report, which is over 30 pages in length, lists in categories of "Highly Reactive," "Moderately Reactive," and "Least Reactive" over 1,000 different dental products, including composite fillings, crown materials, bridge materials, cements, denture materials, and other materials. Nearly all reports have some materials in the "Least Reactive" categories from which the dentist may choose.

For more information, and to arrange for your own serum biocompatibility testing:

Scientific Health Solutions, Inc.
1621 North Circle Drive
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80909
Operating Hours: M-F, 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Mountain Time.
(800) 331-2303 or (719) 548-1600
FAX: (719) 572-8081

Please be patient when you call and leave a message if you do not get through to a staff member. All messages, except late on Friday, will be addressed by return phone call promptly either the same day, or early the next day. Please speak slowly and clearly, especially when leaving your telephone number. Thank you.


1. Order our testing kit via telephone.

2. While the patient is waiting for our package to arrive they need to find a laboratory that can draw and centrifuge a blood serum sample for us. The easiest way to find this lab is to look in the yellow pages of the phone book under laboratories....

3. Once the patient has received our testing kit and has found a lab the next step is to fill out our order form. The Compat 306 test produces our SHORT report as it only covers materials needed for filling replacements. The Compat 307 test produces our COMPLETE report and covers materials required for fillings, dentures, orthodontics, crowns and bridges. There is not a specific category on the test for implant and root canal materials. The patient will only need one or the other test; both are not necessary.

4. Before going to the lab the patient MUST FAST FOR 10 HOURS. (PLEASE NOTE: this is very important. If the patient has not fasted he or she can have incorrect test results or the blood may have to be redrawn.)

5. Go to the lab with the test kit and have the blood drawn. The lab will draw and centrifuge and freeze the serum sample for several hours. Have the patient ask the lab tech when he or she needs to return to pick-up the sample. (PLEASE NOTE: Patient will have to pay the laboratory charges for the blood draw and centrifuge....

6. The patient then needs to return to the lab and pick-up the entire testing kit, with our order form(s) inside, and take it to an overnight express mail service. That service can be FedEx, UPS, Express Mail by the USPS, or Airborne Express. Any outfit will work fine as long as the package is delivered overnight next day. (PLEASE NOTE: Patient will have to pay for the overnight shipping of the package. It is not included in our fee for the test.) Also be aware that some labs may require that they do the shipping, and the patient will have to pay that charge.

7. Please overnight specimens only on Monday through Thursday. You or the laboratory can keep the specimen frozen until it can be mailed if drawn on a Friday, weekend, or holiday without any damage to the specimen.

8. Results will be sent 1st class mail to the patient or the designated dentist or physician. The test turn-around time is about two to two and a half weeks. We suggest having the patient schedule the next dental appointment no sooner than three weeks after the day they have sent us the blood serum specimen.


Many patients say they think our Dentists talents would be better served in the U.S. and that they would make more money. If things were the other way around, and the U.S. was the third world country, any Biologic Dentist who had an office in the U.S., you'd be saying, why don't they have an office in Mexico if they are so good.

While the prices of dental supplies is the same (except for many office supplies which can be bought in Mexico for less), the overhead cost are much less expensive. To rent a dental office in San Diego, for example, would be very expensive. There are many other overhead costs, like salary of employees, utility bills, etc... (all of which are much higher in the U.S.).

So, if we started a practice in the U.S., we would have to pass those high costs on to the patient. Granted, Biologic Dentists in the U.S. charge even more than they should, because there are so few of them and they are in high demand; They take advantage of that. But, the bottom line is that if we had an office in the U.S., patients would have to pay much higher amounts for dental work than they do in Mexico. And, our Dentists like to get people well without them having to mortgage their homes. Many people have lost their jobs because of mercury poisoning and have no money. I have looked around, and found us to be one of the least expensive of all the Biologic dental offices, anywhere. We do get a lot of business, though, and that is because we have very talented Dentists and we don't charge a fortune for Biologic Dental work.


The office offers full Dental service, providing crowns, bridges, cleaning, whitening, etc..., and all the prices are kept low. I.V. conscious sedation is available to those who want it.  Patients come from all over the US and other countries and are very pleased with the work and expertise in dentistry; See Testimonials

Our Dentists, including one Oral Surgeon who does cavitations and root canal extractions, are all Biologic Dentists and are certified and trained in the Hal Huggins' Protocol and members of the Multi-discipline Alliance of Professionals, which Hal formed and oversees.  Hal is the Father of the mercury removal movement in the U.S., who has written many books on mercury toxicity and dentistry.  We are the only office in Tijuana certified in this protocol. 

This is one of the most inexpensive biologic dental offices in Tijuana. While there are many dentists in TJ, there are only a few Biologic Dentists. We keep prices very low so that patients suffering from mercury poisoning can afford to get well; See Price List.



Hal Huggins, D.D.S., University of Nebraska School of Dentistry, also obtained a post doctoral masters degree in Immunology and Toxicology from the University of Colorado. Over the past 36 years, he has developed a multi-disciplined approach for treating autoimmune diseases caused by dental fillings, root canals, and crown materials. Dr. Huggins has been one of the principal voices against mercury-amalgam dental fillings, blaming them for a host of autoimmune diseases. .... Dr. Huggins has published more than 50 articles on nutrition, child development, mercury toxicity, root canals and cavities. He has also authored three books: Why Raise Ugly Kids? (1981), It's All In Your Head (1984), and Uninformed Consent (1999). This book identifies many new aspects of dental toxicity, including birth defects, leukemia and breast cancer.


1. Become educated on the topic of dental toxicity. Read Dr. Huggins' books, It's All in Your Head, or Uniformed Consent (available for order in the Resources section of, or one of the many other books on the subject now appearing in the bookstores.

2. After you are familiar with the protocol, interview a dentist and other therapists to see if you can assemble an adequate team to do the treatment that you have selected.

3. In the dental office, expect a dental examination that includes hard (teeth) and soft (gums and neck areas) tissue evaluations. X-rays will be taken to locate decayed teeth, defective fillings, missing teeth, cavitations, root canal or dead teeth. Models of your teeth may be taken at this time for an evaluation of your bite, and to be used by the laboratory to fabricate replacements for any missing teeth that might be removed during these procedures.

4. He/she will also take electrical readings on your fillings and crowns in order to determine the sequential order in which the restorations should be replaced.

5. Your case physician can write prescriptions for blood drawing for the following items: 

* blood serum for the chemistry analysis from which your intake of carbohydrate, fat and protein can be determined. In other words, a scientific basis for your individual diet.

* the CBC, or complete blood count. This shows the red and white blood cells that are generally altered by the presence of mercury and root canals. From these tests information on how your immune system is functioning can be gleaned, and how removal of dental interference can re-ignite proper immune function. [ If you would like blood drawn for testing, please have your own physician do it, as we have no case physician at our clinic].

* serum is also drawn to be sent to a special laboratory for what is called the compatibility test. This shows which dental materials interfere with your specific immune function, and which ones can more safely be used in your mouth (more immune compatible with your immune system).  [please see above for biocompatibility testing and follow the instructions if you wish to get this test.  We like to have results 2 weeks prior to your appointment.  This test is a personal choice not mandatory for us to do your dental work].

6. A sample of your hair from the nape of the neck will be taken (probably best by your barber or beautician) to be sent to another special laboratory for analysis of minerals. Some minerals, like lead, mercury and cadmium, are toxic. Others, like sodium, potassium and calcium are compared to blood tests for the same mineral in order to be able to interpret the real condition of your body in this area. There is a direct relationship between blood and hair analysis- which shows us that high levels are not necessarily indicative of high tissue levels, and the same for low levels. These results may be totally the opposite from conventional wisdom in people with cellular transport problems caused by dental toxins. [We do not take lab samples here.  If you wish to have these tests, please consult your own physician].

7. Plan your treatment jointly with the dentist, physician, IV personnel, acupressurist, nutritionist, detoxification doctor and other health professionals so that the timing of events complement each other, and do not interfere with final results.

8. .... Be sure to get all of the "removal" appointments (amalgam, nickel crowns and root canals) accomplished within a 30-day period or less if at all possible.

9. If you are using Intravenous Conscious Sedation, then there is generally only one removal appointment, and it can be 6 or 8 hours long without a problem. Since IV sedation gives a time compression and amnesia, you won't really care how long you have been there. ....

10. Sequential removal of the fillings requires that the quadrant containing the highest negative current filling be removed first. Then the quadrant with the next highest electrical charge is next.  ....

11. Start your nutritional program based on your blood chemistry interpretations as soon as is feasible in the program. The amounts of carbohydrate, protein and fat intake are suggested with the first blood test, and a more refined diet can be determined with follow-up blood tests to check for individual overdoses, under doses or being right on target.  [This is the Huggins nutrition plan.  Please do whatever you are comfortable with].

12. .... Needs for calcium are specific, and most patients suffer from an overdose of the improper form of calcium. Care must be exercised when prescribing calcium. Most of the rest of the necessary supplementation is based on your chemistries (not blood type) and is individual. Modifications in dose are based on follow-up chemistries.

13. Do not take Vitamin C the day of dental procedures. Vitamin C by mouth will shorten the effect of the dental anesthetic to literally around 10 minutes- after that, it is painsville. The IV form of Vitamin C does not do this for reasons unknown, but even 500 milligrams in the tablet form will detoxify the anesthetic adequately to let you feel the pain of drilling or surgery.

14. Observe the Patient Protection Protocol as closely as is possible during removal procedures. Please realize that many dentists do not have all the safety equipment described, so see how much you can live with, and without. Complete protection includes the use of the rubber dam during amalgam removal; the use of copious amounts of water with high suction while amalgams and nickel crowns are being cut with the high speed drill; placement of dental materials that have been proved to be biocompatible with you; presence of negative ion generators to remove the massive amount of mercury vapor within the dental office; IV Vitamin C during the removal procedures....

15. .... Please avoid codeine when possible, for it makes many people nauseated, and is constipating for the majority of people. Minimal travel after surgery is advisable (like one or 2 miles) for the vibration in a car can release the blood clot resulting in the famous painful "dry socket". Smoking after surgery will almost guarantee the formation of a painful dry socket. Be forewarned.

16. Be absolutely certain that your IV during the dental procedures contains NO Vitamin B-12. B-12 in any form is a methylator, and methyl mercury is extremely damaging to your nervous system.

17. Acupressure immediately after dental appointments is helpful to all patients, and especially those with neurological problems. With all the electrical currents beaming into the brain for many years (at a current 1000 times greater than the brain operates on) the brain tries to accommodate, then upon removal of this current, the brain tries to un-compensate and recoup. The result can be a pretty uncomfortable feeling for about a week. It can be accomplished while the IV is still running. This is not a problem.

18. Massage is a good way to stimulate lymphatic drainage, and is in particular helpful in patients with white blood cell or serum calcium problems. It can be applied a few days before the dental removal sessions, and a few days afterwards.

19. After dental removal procedures are completed, be sure that the patient maintains a high protein diet. If surgery was done, best use a blender for a few days to avoid damage to fresh surgical sites.

20. Be sure that the C-flush procedures are followed. Many people achieve a new level of health after basic dental revision procedures, but do not feel that they have all the health and energy they would like. When they remember the C-flush and actually do it, they immediately feel much better. Remember, eating the right foods is only part of the treatment. You have to digest, absorb and assimilate the breakdown products of foods before you body can really build a new you. It takes a renewed gut to do that. [This is something you can do on your own if you wish, as we do not do it, but please taper off vitamin c gradually.  Taking high doses of c and stopping suddenly can cause Scoliosis (curvature of the spine).]

21. Select the detoxification procedures that are available and acceptable to you. Be careful to find the balance between adequate and overdoing. Two to three procedures per week is adequate for most people, and six to seven per week is overdoing it for almost anyone. Be kind to you. The biggest single problem post dental revision is too much detoxification too fast. Be real careful here. This goes for detoxification medications as well as saunas, etc. Get educated. Read the book on detoxification and take heed.

22. See to it that your follow-up blood tests and interpretations are scheduled. It is easy to slip back into the habits that created your original problem, so all of us need the handholding to maintain improved health.

23. A really important part of going through this program is that you have a competent caregiver. Especially during dental procedures, the brain is undergoing a new form of electrical and chemical stimulation, and it can easily become confused. Even menial tasks like selecting which clothes to wear, which foods to eat, preparing the foods, cleaning up the kitchen afterward, what time are the appointments, are stresses to a patient undergoing dental revision that are not ordinarily considered stressors. Having someone appointed as designated decision maker will enhance healing and reduce stress on your immune system. Pull off your ego hat, and let someone else help you at this time.

 For appointments or estimates: